Bronchoscopy is a procedure that lets us look at your lungs and air passages. During bronchoscopy, a thin tube (bronchoscope) is passed through your nose or mouth, down your throat and into your lungs. Common reasons for needing bronchoscopy are persistent cough, infection and something unusual seen on a chest X-ray or other test. Bronchoscopy can also be used to obtain samples of mucus or tissue, or to remove foreign bodies or other blockages from the airways or lungs.
Endobronchial Ultrasound Biopsy
Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a specialized form of bronchoscopy that is used to evaluate enlarged lymph nodes in the chest. We use transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA), which allows sampling of tissue from lymph nodes. These samples can be used for diagnosing and staging lung cancer, detecting infections, and identifying inflammatory diseases that affect the lungs, such as Sarcoidosis.
Chest ultrasound is a noninvasive diagnostic exam that produces images, which used to assess the organs and structures within the chest, such as the lungs, mediastinum (area in the chest containing the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus, and lymph nodes), and pleural space (space between the lungs and the interior wall of the chest). Ultrasound technology allows quick visualization of the chest organs and structures from outside the body. Ultrasound may also be used to assess blood flow to chest organs
Peak Flow Measurement
Peak flow measurement is a quick test to measure air flowing out of the lungs. The measurement is also called the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) or the peak expiratory flow (PEF).
Complete Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT)
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are noninvasive tests that show how well the lungs are working. The tests measure lung volume, capacity, rates of flow, and gas exchange. This information can help us diagnose and decide the treatment of certain lung disorders.